Avalanche dogs are also a big part of the search and rescue dogs. Their functionality is quite similar to the tracking and trailing dogs. They have the working of pointing out the missing subjects during the natural disasters especially in the cases of avalanche. By the name itself suggests that the dogs which are associated with locating out the missing subject submerged under snow are called the avalanche dogs. These dogs do have the mechanism of scent identification and can find out the subject even if he/she is dug 15 feet under the snow. These dogs have excellently trained with the scent locating mechanism so that their sense of smell becomes powerful and efficient enough to dot put in the deep depth. Because they tend to run all over the place, we recommend getting them the best gps tracker for dogs so you always know where they are.


The training of the dogs are started at a very easy manner. the first step towards them is winning their trust. It is followed by playing with toys. Slowly when the puppy learns playing with the toys the trainer the trainer teaches them to bring the thrown toy toward them. Eventually they cant but the regular practice make them do so. Once they have learnt searching and bringing the toy to the trainer they opt for the next level. The toy is scented with some strong scent and thrown teaching them to search and bring the toy back to them by means of identification of smell. Once this step is cleared the scent is diffused at a different place and the toy is thrown at different area , making them learn to reach to the toy following the diffused scent. The dogs do like being well treated and rewards. Once the dog succeeds in finding out the toy they are given rewards and are cuddled.


Once the primary training is completed, the secondary training is started. However, it is made very sure that the dog has learned the whole primary training as if there is any loophole in the primary one they will not turn up fine on secondary one. hence it is made sure that the primary training is a success. The secondary training comprises of scent identification. based on the work specialization the training period is scheduled. For example, if an avalanche dog or a cadaver dog is trained the schedule is attained a greater time, it maybe 4 to 5 times a week. The cadaver dogs are even trained for a longer period of time say for 40 minutes at every session. comparatively the time allotment in case of avalanche dog is less.

To conclude, both the primary and secondary training is equally important for shaping a dog into search and rescue dogs. The secondary training is totally dependent on the primary training, the better the primary training absorbed the more secondary training will be showcased in the dogs, the whole period is strenuous for the trainers because they have to cautious about the methods as well as the behavioral pattern and the health of the dogs. Sometimes it happens when training exercises overpower the dogs which may lead to the disorganization of the health of the dog. Hence the training should be balanced for the satisfactory outcome.



It is a complete myth that the search and rescue dogs are highly authentic and are regarded as a special breed having different mechanisms and rearing. However, the fact is the search and rescue dogs are meant to undergoing a very strict and hardcore training to shape them well for every situation that they will be facing once the training session is completed. Besides, the old myth said that some specialized breeds as the Labradors, spinal, shepherd dogs have the special outline in them and were eligible to be called as the search and rescue dogs. The modern research has proved that most of the breeds can turn into search and rescue dogs once the training provided is satisfactory and has turned them stronger than before.


It always asked to start the training process from the early life stage. Be it human or any other creatures the more early you start the training process the fastest the outcomes are. Therefore in case of the dogs, it is highly recommend=ded to start the training at the puppy stage. They are tender and fresh and had huge capacity and energy to learn fresh. The more delay in the onset of training the more time taking process it becomes. The training of the search and the rescue dogs is very difficult and firm. They have to undergo every situation which they will be facing in future. The best part is the training is in specific that is they are intentionally made to undergo the situation and environment to which they aren’t familiar to. The more they foresee the dynamicity the more firm and rough they become in term of performance.


The core training basically comprises of the scent identification. It is very important to make them aware of the various scent identifying mechanism. Therefore a tight scent identification programmes are kept in the schedule on an everyday basis so that their sense of smell gets better by every single day and they learn the correct usage of it and at the right moment of time. Besides all this, a dog is recognized by its spontaneity. Therefore agility training is equally important. When they are in some task as for example the faster they are with their foot the lesser time is consumed. As a result, the team can cover a greater part of the land for investigation.

To conclude, from the above aspects of the training schedule it can easily be said that it is not all easy to turn every dog into search and rescue dog. Moreover, it is important to make them into it. Like every training session it is not at all easy but the coordinated efforts of the dog and the team the results are majorly on the positive sides. Once the dogs are trained they are always kept in spontaneity so that they don’t forget their agility and can justify their work process.



Search and rescue dogs are meant to be trained in different fields be it in finding the injured or being finding any lost subject or any casualties. They have rained with the common backbone of search however the specialization may be on the mode of search as some are good with the finding the living ones while some are good at finding out the deceased one. on the basis of this specialties, there is a new dog classification added in the search and rescue dog team i.e. cadaver dogs. The names itself suggest that they are specialized for dotting out the deceased subjects.


Caviar dogs are an integral part of the search and rescue dogs and are trained in order to search for the cadavers that are the deceased subjects. They have such a strong sense that they can smell any remaining portion of the corpse. Not to end up the story they can even identify the corpse when it is partially or completely undergone bacterial decomposition. The cadaver dogs can locate the dead remain from anywhere be it buried, submerged. They can even identify the corpse by the tiny fragments such as nails, hairs, bones, blood intact tissues. The search and rescue dogs have a piercing ability to track the skeletal part of the copse as well. Their ability to track is all dependent on the training- the better the training session the better version of the ability of the dog.


The training period of the search and rescue dogs is difficult and spontaneous. It is highly dependent on the aging agenda. As the training is quite lengthy it is initiated at the very early stage. Right from the puppy of few weeks after birth, the training session continues till 12-14 month. once the training is completed they are ready for their jobs and can continue up to 5 years. However, the extension all depends upon the breed and its lifespan. Because with the increment of the age their agility and the perceiving power decreases. The scent training is advised by the guideline to start from the puppy age as the quality of work gets better by the experience. thereby the training is best to wrap up at an early stage as many breeds are there having a short lifespan.

To conclude, all the search and rescue dogs are efficient in their work the only because of the long-churning training period. The training session is vigorous and does drain a lot of efforts but the results are fruitful. Once the puppy gets trained they are made to practice hard so that it sets on their memory too firmly. Rest is placed in place by experience, the more early they start to learn the more ti,e they get to practice and become more experienced. Among all the types of search and rescue dogs, the cadaver dogs require greater experience and eligibility to get involved in the team and work for it.



Dogs have always been considered to be loyal and helpful to a human in any another way around. They have always been closely associated with mankind. Be in terms of safety, work adherence and now in terms of investigation, they are playing a great role.all the breed have their specialties and features, some are marked for their appearance some are with acing intelligence and some are with speed. In the mid of this run, some have the great senses working which help them to stand among the crowd. The search and rescue dogs are good with dealing the miss-out and the chasing the subjects for which they are appointed.


The name as ‘ search and rescue dogs ‘ itself suggest that they are meant to be the savior for the subject as they raised the way to rescue to the needy one by helping the team to reach. The dogs may not be as fast in their foot but their smelling abilities are beyond the count as they can easily have the smelling capacity up to 40 – 160 acres of land. Besides they have an additional feather for them is they are terrain specific. some breeds are well known to work in any inhabited land. The clue by which they progress is the smelling mechanism .there are a lot of mechanisms by which they reach up to the subject. A small piece of the team does follow its steps to reach to the injured one. they do have the sense of finding the injured and the cadaver in the times of natural disasters and lead the way for the team to help them out. The aiding organization such as Red Cross do have a wide have a wide approach towards search and rescue dogs.


The search and rescue dogs are meant to have the feature of rescuing along which that they have a certain difference between them . on the basis of the differences they are been classified as follows.

  1. Tracking Dogs: the name itself suggest that these dogs are meant to track the evidence irrespective of the disturbances on the ground. They have the feature of using nose and trying to get the smell from the ground. They can work in any terrain irrespective of their familiarity.
  2. Trailing Dogs: these dogs are meant to use the scent mechanism. They try to follow the scent present in the air and proceed further. They lead the team and comparatively the trailing dogs are fastest.

To conclude. The tracking and trailing dog do contribute a lot to the human-associated organization. Irrespective of their different mechanism of finding the subject they have the common function of search and rescue. Both of the classified dogs are quick and efficient at work. There are a lot of the breeds those have a direct rescue function and leading the way to find out the subject as soon as possible. Appointing them in the rescue tea comes with a big benefit.


The search and rescue dogs are one of the integrated components of the investigation process of finding out the casualties in the inhabited regions, natural disasters and also doting out the missing in the inhabited region. The dog working under the sector of search and rescue do use their sense of smell while approaching for locating their targets. usually, they work along with a small team running along with them to get to the subjects as soon as possible. Besides, the dog uses skin rafts which is the scent carried off by a cell that shed from the human kin at the rate of nearly 40000 per minute. They also take the smell of the evaporated perspiration, blown respiratory gas or else the gas produced by the decomposition by the bacteria on the skin of the subject.


The search and rescue dogs do have a major function of finding out the missing and they are broadly classified in two-

  • Tracking
  • Trailing

While search and rescue dogs can also be classified on the of the ability of the scent discrimination and they are of-

  • Scent discriminating dog
  • Non-discriminating dog

The scent discriminating dog has the ability to locate the subject after being exposed to the hoe set of that human. While the non-scent discriminating dogs can locate any subject on the basis or scent. the subject can be a human or any corpse.all the dog do follow the scent identifying mechanism to look into the subject.


Though every dog has an extreme sense of smell and knows the application of it in the best way. The sense of smell has given the extra priority among the other species.however all the breeds are not specified for it . some are known to have foot mark in it. Their nasal physiology has an extraordinary remark and adds as a highlighting feature in them. Among all the breeds – germanian and Belgian shepherd, border collies, tollers, golden and Labradors are the notable species of search and rescue dogs. Their smelling abilities are commendable and doped. Besides, the springer spaniel and the Labrador are known to have a close working efficiency with human and do have great specialization in investigations and searches of the human as subjects.

To conclude, the search and rescue dog does have a great contribution to human society. Their mode of action may be quite different among the breed but the function as while is similar. Besides the training is considered some of the breeds are good at learning while some are a little difficult at it. However, special breed does excel the field by their power of smelling sense and have a great association with the works of the cops. Nowadays the investigation department of any areas has been seen to keep a search and rescue dogs so that their works get a bit easier and prevent wastage of time.