The search and rescue dogs are one of the integrated components of the investigation process of finding out the casualties in the inhabited regions, natural disasters and also doting out the missing in the inhabited region. The dog working under the sector of search and rescue do use their sense of smell while approaching for locating their targets. usually, they work along with a small team running along with them to get to the subjects as soon as possible. Besides, the dog uses skin rafts which is the scent carried off by a cell that shed from the human kin at the rate of nearly 40000 per minute. They also take the smell of the evaporated perspiration, blown respiratory gas or else the gas produced by the decomposition by the bacteria on the skin of the subject.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE SEARCH AND RESCUE DOGS:
The search and rescue dogs do have a major function of finding out the missing and they are broadly classified in two-
While search and rescue dogs can also be classified on the of the ability of the scent discrimination and they are of-
- Scent discriminating dog
- Non-discriminating dog
The scent discriminating dog has the ability to locate the subject after being exposed to the hoe set of that human. While the non-scent discriminating dogs can locate any subject on the basis or scent. the subject can be a human or any corpse.all the dog do follow the scent identifying mechanism to look into the subject.
BREEDS THAT TAKE THE LIMELIGHT AS A SEARCH AND RESCUE DOGS:
Though every dog has an extreme sense of smell and knows the application of it in the best way. The sense of smell has given the extra priority among the other species.however all the breeds are not specified for it . some are known to have foot mark in it. Their nasal physiology has an extraordinary remark and adds as a highlighting feature in them. Among all the breeds – germanian and Belgian shepherd, border collies, tollers, golden and Labradors are the notable species of search and rescue dogs. Their smelling abilities are commendable and doped. Besides, the springer spaniel and the Labrador are known to have a close working efficiency with human and do have great specialization in investigations and searches of the human as subjects.
To conclude, the search and rescue dog does have a great contribution to human society. Their mode of action may be quite different among the breed but the function as while is similar. Besides the training is considered some of the breeds are good at learning while some are a little difficult at it. However, special breed does excel the field by their power of smelling sense and have a great association with the works of the cops. Nowadays the investigation department of any areas has been seen to keep a search and rescue dogs so that their works get a bit easier and prevent wastage of time.